The Chianti Classico territory’s capitals are Siena and Florence and it is shared between the provinces of the two municipalities. The zone amounts to 71,800 hectares (177,500 acres) and includes the entire territories of the municipalities of Castellina in Chianti, Gaiole in Chianti, Greve in Chianti and Radda in Chianti and parts of those of Barberino Val d’Elsa, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Poggibonsi, San Casciano Val di Pesa and Tavarnelle Val di Pesa.
The characteristics of the climate, terrains and altitudes, which are unfavorable for most crops, have made Chianti Classico a region that excels in the production of premium wines.
Rows of vines alternating with olive orchards are a characteristic feature of the Chianti landscape. About 7,200 hectares of vineyards entered on the DOCG Register for the production of Chianti Classico make this appellation one of the most important in Italy.
Legend of the Black Rooster
At the time of the rivalries between Florence and Siena, the two republics decided to redesign the borders of their respective territories. Failing to find an agreement, they decided to challenge each other: at the cockcrow from Siena and Florence a knight would have galloped to the other city. The point of their meeting would have marked the new border. The Florentines knew how to make it stand holding their black cockerel fasting so that it sang before dawn allowing the Florentine rider to get farther than the Sienese challenger. The two met at the castle of Fonterutoli, where the treaties were signed and the border between two republics was established in Castellina, a few km from Siena. The black rooster has thus become the symbol of the Chianti Classico consortium and